Using Intensifiers-1
     
Writing a descriptive paragraph means describing not only people and things but also their actions. Let us learn how words are used to describe actions. The words that describe actions or verbs are categorically defined as adverbs. They are also called intensifiers as they bring meaning into actions. They explicitly describe how, where, when, how often and why something happens. So, they work well in descriptive writing.
 
What are intensifiers?
They modify verbs, adjectives or adverbs. So they may either strengthen or weaken the force of an action (verb) or its quality (adjective).
 
What is their function?
They add meaning and express the intensity of our feelings or actions. They add extra information to our ideas. For instance, if you want to share the information about your visit to a pub, intensifiers help you to describe your ideas.
You may say when, where, how and why you went.
You may say: Yesterday evening I felt terribly bored. So I went to a nearby pub. It was quite pleasant. I enjoyed the music there and relaxed completely.
 
Where are they placed?
They can be placed anywhere in a sentence: before or after a verb, or at the beginning or end of a sentence. However, they are placed as near as possible to the word they modify because their position affects the meaning of the sentence.
 
How are they formed?
They are usually formed by adding –ly to an adjective.
 
For example:
quick quickly
careful carefully
easy easily
probable probably
tragic tragically

Some adverbs retain the form of the adjective.

Example:
fast, hard, late, near, etc.
Note: Good is the only adjective with a completely irregular adverb well.
Functions of Adverbs
  • Adverbs are usually used to describe verbs
  The tiger roared ferociously.
The child grabbed the chocolate greedily.
  • Adverbs also intensify descriptions by modifying adjectives
  The Great Wall of China is an absolutely fantastic monument.
Mogal-e-Azam is simply a great film.
  • Adverbs, sometimes, modify other adverbs
  The Minister spoke extremely confidently.
She responded to questions incredibly quickly.
 

Thus, intensifiers add details and explain the theme. Let us look into our model paragraph and analyse intensifiers or adverbs.

 
The Human Body

The human body is a wonderful piece of work that nature has created. It is not beautiful like the body of a butterfly or peacock but it is shaped practically. It can do many types of work which other animals cannot. It is not strong like the body of a tiger. But in place of physical strength it has a big and sharp brain. By using this brain the human physique has been able to overcome many of its limitations. By sitting in an aeroplane it flies faster than a kite, by riding a motorcycle it travels faster than a leopard, and by firing a machine gun it fights much better than a tiger. In spite of all this, the human body suffers from many diseases because it has a weakness for habits such as smoking, drinking and overeating. When it is healthy the body can give great pleasure but when it is sick it can cause great pain. The wise man would always keep his body fit because a healthy mind can work only in a healthy body.

Some of the intensifiers or adverbs in this descriptive paragraph are - not, practically, faster, when, always.

 

Not weakens the meaning of beauty and supports the idea of the sentence.

 

Practically modifies and illustrates the usefulness of the human body.

 

Faster explains the speed in comparison.

 

When indicates the duration of time when things are better.